TOPSE in development

Bloomfield L and Kendall S. 2007 Testing a parenting programme evaluation tool as a pre- and post-course measure of parenting self-efficacy.
J Adv Nurs. 2007 Dec; 60(5):487-93.


Kendall S. and Bloomfield L. (2005) TOPSE: Developing and validating , a tool to measure Parenting Self-Efficacy, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 51(2), 174-181.


Bloomfield L, Kendall S, Fortuna S., 2010 Supporting parents: Development of a tool to measure self-efficacy of parents with learning disabilities.  British Journal of Learning Disabilities 38 (4) 303

TOPSE in use

Ruiz-Zaldibar, C., Serrano-Monzó, I., Lopez-Dicastillo, O., Pumar-Méndez, M.J., Iriarte, A., Bermejo-Martins, E. and Mujika, A., 2021. Parental Self-Efficacy to Promote Children’s Healthy Lifestyles: A Pilot and Feasibility Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), p.4794.


Taylor, L.J., Luk, S.Y., Leadbitter, K., Moore, H.L., Charman, T. and Group, T.P.G., 2021. Are child autism symptoms, developmental level and adaptive function associated with caregiver feelings of wellbeing and efficacy in the parenting role?. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 83, p.101738.


Jenney, A., Scott, K. and Wall, M., 2021. Mothers in mind: exploring the efficacy of a dyadic group parenting intervention for women who have experienced intimate partner violence and their young children. International journal on child maltreatment: research, policy and practice, pp.1-23.


Sokolovic, N., Grujic, S. and Pajic, S., 2021. Evaluation of the Support, not Perfection Parenting Program in Serbia. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, pp.1-18.


Xue, A., Oros, V., Marca-Ghaemmaghami, P.L., Scholkmann, F., Righini-Grunder, F., Natalucci, G., Karen, T., Bassler, D. and Restin, T., 2021. New parents experienced lower parenting self-efficacy during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. Children, 8(2), p.79.


Esmaeelpanah Amlashi, Z., Hosseinkhanzadeh, A.A., Akbari, B. and Moghtader, L., Psychometric properties of the parenting self-efficacy questionnaire (TOPSE). Journal of psychologicalscience, pp.921-933.


Kubo, N., Kitagawa, M., Iwamoto, S. and Kishimoto, T., 2021. Effects of an attachment-based parent intervention on mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder: preliminary findings from a non-randomized controlled trial. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 15(1), pp.1-14.


Panza, C., Volta, A., Broccoli, S., Bonvicini, L., Kendall, S., Marchesi, M. and Rossi, P.G., 2020. Evaluation of an intervention aimed at supporting new parents: the Baby Newsletter project. Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 46(1), pp.1-14.


Deave T., Lingham R., Ginja, S., Coad, J., Bailey, E., Kendall, S., Goodenough, T., Nightingale, S., Day, C., Evaluation of the Baby Buddy app: a multi-site cohort study of first-time mothers, (2019) mHealth, accepted 8//8/2019


Whiting, M., Nash, A. S., Kendall, S., & Roberts, S. A. (2019). Enhancing resilience and self-efficacy in the parents of children with disabilities and complex health needs. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 20, e33. doi:10.1017/S1463423619000112


Deave, T. Kendall S. et al. (2018). A study to evaluate the effectiveness of Best Beginnings’ Baby Buddy phone app in England: a protocol paper. Primary Health Care Research and Development [Online]. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1463423618000294.


Ginja, S., Coad, J., Bailey, E., Kendall, S., Goodenough, T., Nightingale, S., Smiddy, J., Day, C., Deave, T. and Lingam, R., 2018. Associations between social support, mental wellbeing, self-efficacy and technology use in first-time antenatal women: data from the BaBBLeS cohort study. BMC Pregnancy and childbirth, 18(441)


Gardner, E., & Woolgar, M. (2018). Parenting in the community: A service evaluation of a universal, voluntary sector parenting intervention. JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY, 46(3), 332-344. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.21942


Deave, T., Kendall, S., Lingam, R., Day, C., Goodenough, T., Bailey, E., Ginja, S., Nightingale, S. and Coad, J., 2018. A study to evaluate the effectiveness of Best Beginnings’ Baby Buddy phone app in England: a protocol paper. Primary health care research & development, pp.1-6.


Ginja, S., Coad, J., Bailey, E., Kendall, S., Goodenough, T., Nightingale, S., Smiddy, J., Day, C., Deave, T. and Lingam, R., 2018. Associations between social support, mental wellbeing, self-efficacy and technology use in first-time antenatal women: data from the BaBBLeS cohort study. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 18(1), p.441.


McClenaghan P, 2016 ‘Working in Partnership to Improve Outcomes for Children Children’s Research Digest Vol 3 Issue 1 ISSN 2009-7298


Batool, S. S., & Khurshid, S. (2015). Factors Associated with Stress Among Parents of Children with Autism. Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons-Pakistan: JCPSP, 25(10), 752-756.


Broccoli, S., Bonvicini, L., Panza, C., Volta, A., Bellochio, E., Tamagnini, L., & Rossi, P. G. (2015). Evaluation of an intervention aimed at supporting new parents: study protocol and enrolment results. The European Journal of Public Health, 25(suppl 3), ckv175-215.


Miller, S, Dunne, L & McClenaghan (2015) Supporting Parents: Findings from the Lifestart Parenting Programme Evaluation, School of Education Queens University Belfast


Miller, S., & Harrison, H. (2015). A cluster randomised controlled trial and process evaluation of the early years DELTA parenting programme.International Journal of Educational Research, 74, 49-60.


Nyberg, G., Sundblom, E., Norman, Å., Bohman, B., Hagberg, J., & Elinder, L. S. (2015). Effectiveness of a universal parental support programme to promote healthy dietary habits and physical activity and to prevent overweight and obesity in 6-year-old children: the healthy school start study, a cluster-randomised controlled trial. PloS one, 10(2), e0116876.


Samra, H. A., McGrath, J. M., Fischer, S., Schumacher, B., Dutcher, J., & Hansen, J. (2015). The NICU parent risk evaluation and engagement model and instrument (PREEMI) for neonates in intensive care units. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 44(1), 114-126.


Enebrink, P., Danneman, M., Mattsson, V. B., Ulfsdotter, M., Jalling, C., & Lindberg, L. (2015). ABC for parents: pilot study of a universal 4-session program shows increased parenting skills, self-efficacy and child well-being.Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(7), 1917-1931.


Taubin, D. Z., Maeir, A., & Hahn-Markowit, J. (2015). Change in Parenting Self-Efficacy After Cognitive–Functional Treatment in Occupational Therapy for Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 69(Supplement_1), 6911520174p1-6911520174p1.


Ulfsdotter M, Lindberg L, Månsdotter A. A cost-effectiveness analysis of the Swedish universal parenting program All Children in Focus. PLOS ONE, December 17, 2015. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0145201


Ulfsdotter, M., Enebrink, P., & Lindberg, L. (2014). Effectiveness of a universal health-promoting parenting program: a randomized waitlist-controlled trial of All Children in Focus. BMC public health, 14(1), 1.


Van der Ende P.C. , Van Busschbach J.T., Nicholson J., Korevaar, E.L. ,Van Weeghel, J. (2014). Parenting and psychiatric rehabilitation: Can parents with severe mental illness benefit from a new approach? Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 37(3), Sep 2014, 201-208 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/prj0000067


Benzies, K., Clarke, D., Barker, L., & Mychasiuk, R. (2013). UpStart Parent Survey: A new psychometrically valid tool for the evaluation of prevention-focused parenting programs. Maternal and child health journal, 17(8), 1452-1458.


Kendall, S., Bloomfield, L., Appleton, J. & Kitaoka, K. 2013. Efficacy of a group-based parenting program on stress and self-efficacy among Japanese mothers: A quasi-experimental study. Nursing and Health Sciences. p. n/a 7 p.


Lindberg L, Ulfsdotter M, Jalling C, Skärstrand E, Lalouni M, Lönn Rhodin K, Månsdotter A, Enebrink P. The effects and costs of the universal parent group program- all children in focus: a study protocol for a randomized wait-list controlled trial. BMC Public Health; 2013, 13:688.


Marvicsin, D., & Danford, C. A. (2013). Parenting efficacy related to childhood obesity: Comparison of parent and child perceptions. Journal of pediatric nursing, 28(5), 422-429.


Smith, L. R., Chadwick, P., Radley, D., Kolotourou, M., Gammon, C. S., Rosborough, J., & Sacher, P. M. (2013). Assessing the short-term outcomes of a community-based intervention for overweight and obese children: The MEND 5-7 programme. BMJ open, 3(5), e002607.


McClenaghan, P (2012) Lifestart: Educating Parents, Developing Children Ir. Rev. CED Law & Pol. Vol. 1 (2)


Bloomfield L. & Kendall S. 2012. Parenting self-efficacy, parenting stress and child behaviour before and after a parenting programme. Primary Health Care Research and Development 13 (4) 364 – 372


Jaffe, A. E., Cranston, C. C., & Shadlow, J. O. (2012). Parenting in females exposed to intimate partner violence and childhood sexual abuse. Journal of child sexual abuse, 21(6), 684-700


Bloomfield L and Kendall S. 2010 Audit as evidence: The effectiveness of ‘123 Magic’ programmes .Community Practitioner 83 (1)26-30


Whittaker, K. A., & Cowley, S. (2006). Evaluating health visitor parenting support: validating outcome measures for parental self-efficacy. Journal of Child Health Care, 10(4), 296-308.


Zhou, Y., & Yin, H.  Analysis on parenting self-efficacy of autistic spectrum disorder children’s caregivers. Chinese Journal of Child Health Care


Bloomfield L., Kendall S. Applin L., Attarzahaden V., Dearnly K., Edwards L., Hinschelwood L., Lloyd P. and Newcombe T. 2005 A qualitative study exploring the experiences and views of mothers, health visitors and family support centre workers on the challenges and difficulties of parenting, Health and Social Care in the Community, 13,1, 46-55